Genworth MI buying shares again

Genworth MI (TSX: MIC) filed with SEDI last week that they executed a share buyback in the month of August, purchasing approximately 913,000 shares at roughly CAD$36/share. This is nearly 1% of their shares outstanding. In light of the fact that they were making rumblings in filings a year ago with respect to the adverse consequences of increasing capital requirements with respect to the OSFI policy changes, this is most definitely a signal that they are now in an excess capital situation. The share buyback is at a discount of 13% to book value, so management cannot be accused of wasting value with this purchase (a rare characteristic that I very rarely seem managements of other companies perform when they conduct share buybacks).

Finally, Genworth MI traditionally increases its quarterly dividend rate in the third quarter announcement or announces a special dividend. The current regular quarterly dividend is likely to increase from 44 cents a share to around 47 or 48 cents. Management has a good track record of prioritizing buybacks when the share price is depressed to book or giving out special dividends when the share price is relatively high – I do not view a special dividend as being likely. Although my Genworth MI position is smaller than it used to be in the portfolio, it is a significant equity holding of mine and I see no reason to sell at this juncture, in absence of other opportunities.

Toys R’ Us – Looking back

Earlier in April, I said I was going to avoid Toys R’ Us unsecured debt. It was trading around 97 cents on the dollar at that time.

I looked at my quote screen today for lesser-attention securities and noticed they (October 2018 unsecured debt) was trading at around 56 cents on the dollar on reports that on September 6th, they decided to engage a bankruptcy firm to explore options. The bonds went down from 97 cents to 78 cents in a day, and they’ve straight-lined to their present trading price (53 cents and dropping as I write this) a week later.

I ask myself from the perspective of credit analysis – is there any hope for unsecured holders? The easy answer here is going to be no – I count at least $3.5 billion that is either “secured” or asset/real estate based loans out of a total of $5.2 billion in debt. Although their credit facility is about half-tapped (i.e. they’ve got time to structure a restructuring), I find it unlikely that they’re going to wait around until October 2018 and pay off that particular unsecured issue. The advantage of going into Chapter 11 prematurely is simple – they can offer the unsecured creditors (lease landlords, etc.) an unfavourable “take it or leave it” type deal (see yesterday’s post on Seadrill), be able to shed their high-cost items (including conversion of their unsecured debt into a token amount of equity) and move on with life.

There is one reason, however, why this may not happen:

Although Toys R’ Us equity is not traded on an exchange, it is a publicly reporting entity. Bain Capital owns 32.5% of the corporation. Are they willing to give up this equity? I’m guessing their own private valuation of the entire firm is small in relation to the amount of debt that would have to be paid back (if Bain wishes to keep control).

Also if Bain controls most of the secured debt, their interests lie with Chapter 11 instead of keeping control of the firm (via their 32.5% equity stake).

I find this one difficult to judge, but I would weigh on the side of a restructuring that will involve a material impairment of value to unsecured bondholders. There’s just simply too much secured debt and I do not think they will hold Chapter 11 back a year and a month just to pay the US$208 million that’s due with this specific obligation (there are too many others that will be due as well). This is especially true considering the overall entity is not producing a lot of cash.

All in all, I’m glad I avoided this instead of reaching for yield and getting burnt (which would be the only explanation why somebody would have invested in Toys R’ Us unsecured debt in the first place).

Seadrill Chapter 11 details

Seadrill, a publicly traded company that does offshore oil drilling, filed a Chapter 11 arrangement. The salient terms of the pre-packaged deal are:

The chapter 11 plan of reorganization contemplated by the RSA provides the following distributions, assuming general unsecured creditors accept the plan:

• purchasers of the new secured notes will receive 57.5% of the new Seadrill equity, subject to dilution by the primary structuring fee and an employee incentive plan;
• purchasers of the new Seadrill equity will receive 25% of the new Seadrill equity, subject to dilution by the primary structuring fee and an employee incentive plan;
• general unsecured creditors of Seadrill, NADL, and Sevan, which includes Seadrill and NADL bondholders, will receive their pro rata share of 15% of the new Seadrill common stock, subject to dilution by the primary structuring fee and an employee incentive plan, plus certain eligible unsecured creditors will receive the right to participate pro rata in $85 million of the new secured notes and $25 million of the new equity, provided that general unsecured creditors vote to accept the plan; and
• holders of Seadrill common stock will receive 2% of the new Seadrill equity, subject to dilution by the primary structuring fee and an employee incentive plan, provided that general unsecured creditors vote to accept the plan.

This is one of those strange instances where the common stock was trading like something terrible was going to happen, but in relation to its closing price Monday, they received a relatively good “reward” out of this process, 2% of the company (compared to zero if creditors take this to court).

The question is whether the unsecured debtholders will agree to this arrangement – my paper napkin calculation suggests that bondholders will get about 10 cents on the dollar (probably less after the “subject to dilution” is factored in) compared to the trading around the 25 cent level before this announcement.

Their alternative is that if they vote against the deal, the secured creditors will receive everything.

Please read the Pirate Game for how this will turn out and also a lesson on why being an mid-tier creditor in a Chapter 11 arrangement that requires all capital structures to vote in favour of the agreement can be hazardous to your financial health.

I will also note that Teekay Offshore effectively went through a recapitalization, and this leaves Transocean and Diamond Offshore that both in relatively good standing financially.

Want to make a few pennies? Temple Hotels Debentures

This is a bet on the confidence of your fellow investors to vote against a bad deal.

Temple Hotels (TSX: TPH) is a borderline-profitable hotel operating company. Financially they are in miserable condition. They have mortgages that are in covenant default, loads of debt and other issues (being in the wrong geography at the wrong time).

For whatever reason (still can’t figure it out today), on December 2015 Morguard Corporation (TSX: MRC) decided to take them over (via control of the asset management agreement) and recapitalize the corporation with equity capital through a rights offering. They used the funds ($50 million) primarily to retire about $60 million in convertible debentures in cash. Morguard owns about 56% of Temple’s stock.

Temple still has about $80 million in convertibles outstanding (TPH.DB.E, TPH.DB.F), and $45 million of it is about to mature on September 30, 2017. Yes, that’s in about three weeks.

Looking at their June 30 balance sheet, they have $14 million in cash and the Morguard parent would need to pay up. (I’ll note at this point the busy Canadian summer hotel season will produce about $7 million in operating cash flow, but this is not including mortgage principal payments and maintenance capital expenditures which would bring this figure down a little).

Management, therefore, is floating a proposal to extend the maturity of the debentures 3 years to September 2020. The terms are to keep the interest rate the same (7.25%), decrease the conversion price to something astronomically high ($40.08/share) to something very high ($15/share, or something that’d need to more than triple in order to get at-the-money) and do a 5% redemption at par at the end of the month.

In other words, they are offering nearly zero incentive for debenture holders to extend.

Indeed, management is continuing a practice that the Securities Act should ban, which is the payment to third-party dealers to solicit YES votes in proxies:

Subject to certain terms and conditions described elsewhere in this Circular, the Corporation will pay a solicitation fee equal to $7.00 per $1,000 principal amount of Debentures that are voted FOR the Debenture Amendments, payable to the soliciting dealer who solicits such proxy or voting instruction voted FOR the Debenture Amendments, subject to a minimum fee of $150.00 and a maximum fee of $1,500.00 per beneficial owner of Debentures who votes Debentures with principal value of $10,000 or greater FOR the Debenture Amendments. No solicitation fees will be paid to the soliciting dealers if the Debenture Amendments are not approved by the Debentureholders at the Debentureholder Meeting.

Insiders own 2.49% of the debentures. The vote requires 2/3rds of those voting to pass and a minimum quorum of 25% (which should be attained).

So this becomes a test of whether your fellow debtholders are stupid enough to vote in favour of this agreement or not, and also a function of whether you believe Morguard will back up Temple in the event that this proposal fails. You would think Morguard would provide some debt credit to Temple because otherwise why dump the tens of millions of dollars into the corporation and just have it get thrown away with a CCAA arrangement at this stage? Or have they decided that the salvage operation they are currently conducting is negative value and basically want to throw away this asset?

Since the TPH.DB.E series is trading at 96.5 cents on the dollar, it means that if you bought $1,000 par value you’d be looking at a 3.6% gain in three weeks if the proposal is rejected (it is too late for management to exercise the share conversion option) AND that Morguard gives capital into Temple to pay off the subordinated debt (nobody else would be sane enough to do it without ridiculous concessions).

The risk/reward is isn’t high enough for me to take the risk but I’m floating this one out here for the reader if you are!

Will Hurricane Irma cause insurers to drop?

Hurricane Irma is looking like it will blast a path through most of Florida in just over two days:

The media is making it look like that it will be apocalyptic. Indeed, the island St. Martin (famous for having an airport where you can sit on a beach and look up about 100 feet and see a landing Boeing 777 jet) was nearly annihilated. Right now Irma is one of the strongest (if not the strongest) in recorded history, but the question is where it will strike landfall in Florida (if there) and how much it will dissipate by that point – 75 miles can make a material difference in the damage calculation. If it goes through the heart of Miami, there will be tons of damage, but if goes through the western part of the peninsula, there’s a decent chance that the winds will slow down sufficiently by Tampa to still cause a lot of damage, but not the insane amounts the media is making it to be.

Thus while the media hype is overwhelming, the markets are treating certain insurers like the catastrophe is already a done deal, which may not be the case.

This is the classic information mismatch that creates market opportunity.

Canadian interest rates – probably level from here

The Bank of Canada “surprised” the market by increasing rates by a quarter point.

What I am feeling very regretful about is about a month ago I thought they were going to do it, but the BAX futures were assigning a rough 20%-25% probability of them doing it. I should have dipped my toes in there.

Readers of history (and it really feels like history since it happened such a long time ago) will recall that the last time they raised interest rates (from 0.25% to 1.00%) they did it in three consecutive meetings with three 0.25% rate increases.

The Bank of Canada clearly had a target in mind and contrary to what the talking heads on the media have to say about the matter, I think they will hold at 1% for the intermediate term. There are a couple reasons for this, but one is that their original policy stance to stay at 1% (before they dropped to half a point) is that the Bank of Canada has accumulated considerable research that ultra-low policy rates create their own risks by virtue of being so low. There seems to be “mean reversion” to this. The other is that the inflationary threat does not appear to be forthcoming at present, especially now that the Canadian export economy will be dampened by the increased Canadian dollar.

There is also the matter of bringing the short term rates up to a point where the spread between the short-term and 10-year bond will converge to nothing. The federal reserve is going to run into the same problem when their central bankers will be asking themselves a correlation/causation question of whether an inverted yield curve is a predictor of a recession, or whether an inverted yield curve causes one.

Markets are predicting a 70-75% chance that the Bank of Canada will raise rates by the end of the year. If this goes to 80% or higher I’ll probably take a bet against rate increases.

This brings me to my next point, which is the Canadian dollar. It has risen dramatically over the past three months.

In fact, the rise in the Canadian dollar has been my biggest portfolio “miss” over this time – it has generated a lot of paper bleeding since I keep my portfolio balanced between CAD/USD. The Canadian dollar has gone up 6.5% from July 1st of this year, and it has represented a 3.2% drag on performance quarter-to-date. My gut instinct says to increase my own position of USD but I am still reluctant to do so since the momentum of the Canadian dollar feels like it is stepping in front of a freight train. There is probably a logical point to do so (around 85 cents if it gets there?) but it is something I am acutely looking at.

An increase in my USD positioning will mean that my research will be more US dollar-focused. I have been focused on Canadian securities for a considerable period of time, but considering what bland opportunities I have found in domestic markets, it is probably a better for me to set my sights south for investment candidates.

TSX Bargain Hunting – Stock Screen Results

I’ve been doing some shotgun approaches to seeing what’s been trashed in the Canadian equity markets. Here is a sample screen:

1. Down between 99% to 50% in the past year;
2. Market cap of at least $50 million (want to exclude the true trash of the trash with this screen)
3. Minimum revenues of $10 million (this will exclude most biotech blowups that discover their only Phase 3 clinical candidate is the world’s most expensive placebo)

We don’t get a lot. Here’s the list:

September 1, 2017 TSX - Underperformers

1-Year performance -99% to -50%
Minimum Market Cap $50M
Minimum Revenues $10M
#CompanySymbolYTD (%)1 Year (%)3 Year (%)5 Year (%)
1Aimia Inc.AIM-T-74.89-72.74-86.9-84.6
2Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc.ARZ-T-73.77-76.19-56.6
3Asanko Gold Inc.AKG-T-62.86-71.4-38.8-58.1
4Black Diamond GroupBDI-T-58.41-56.78-93.7-91.4
5Cardinal Energy Ltd.CJ-T-60.91-51.8-79.7
6Concordia InternationalCXR-T-42.81-85.24-95.6-69.2
7Crescent Point EnergyCPG-T-53.04-56.72-80.8-79.1
8Dundee Corp.DC.A-T-51.6-51.76-84.7-87.4
9Electrovaya Inc.EFL-T-42.72-61.8822201.2
10Home Capital GroupHCG-T-55.42-52.16-74.3-45.2
11Jaguar MiningJAG-T-54.31-62.14-55.8-99.7
12Mandalay Resources CorpMND-T-53.75-66.36-65.7-52.6
13Newalta CorpNAL-T-56.9-59.68-95.5-92.7
14Painted Pony EnergyPONY-T-64.97-60.94-77.4-65.9
15Pengrowth EnergyPGF-T-60.62-59.57-88.9-88.6
16Redknee SolutionsRKN-T-51.92-64.95-78.2-41.4
17Tahoe ResourcesTHO-T-53.04-66.27-78.2-66.9
18Valeant Pharmaceuticals Intl.VRX-T-15.25-56.68-87.4-67.3
19Western Energy ServicesWRG-T-61.61-55.09-88.6-82.7

Now we try to find some explanations why this group of companies are so badly underperforming – is the price action warranted?

1, 8, 10 and 18 are companies with well-known issues that have either been explored on this site or obvious elsewhere (e.g. Valeant).

2 is interesting – they clearly are bleeding cash selling drugs, they have a serious amount of long-term debt, but they have received a favorable ruling in a patent lawsuit against (a much deeper-pocketed) Mylan. There could be value here, and will dump this into the more detailed research bin.

3, 11, 12 and 17 Are avoids for reasons I won’t get into here that relate to the typical issues that concern most Canadian-incorporated companies operating foreign gold mines, although 12 appears to be better than 3 and 11. 17 has had huge issues with the foreign government not allowing them to operate their primary silver mine.

4, 13 and 19 are fossil fuel service companies.

5, 7, 14 and 15 are established fossil fuel extraction companies with their own unique issues in terms of financing, profitability and solvency – if you ever predicted a rise in crude oil pricing, a rising tide will lift all boats, but they will lift some more than others (specifically those that are on the brink will rise more than those that are not). 14 is different than the other three in that it is mostly natural gas revenue-based (northeast BC) which makes it slightly different than the other three which warrants attention.

6 If you could take a company that clearly makes a lot of money, and drown it in long-term debt, this would be your most prime example. It just so happens they sell pharmaceuticals. Sadly their debt isn’t publicly traded but if it was, I’d be interested in seeing quotations.

9 A cash-starved company selling a novel lithium-ceramic battery at negative gross margins would explain the price drop. Looks like dilution forever!

16 Lots of financial drama here in this technology company. They went through a debt recapitalization where a prior takeover was interrupted by a superior bid. Control was virtually given at this point and the new acquirer is using the company for strategic purposes that do not seem to be in line with minority shareholder interests. A rights offering has been recently conducted that will bring some cash back into the balance sheet, but the underlying issue is that the financials suggest that they aren’t making money, which would be desirable for all involved.

The progress of an inactive portfolio and irreverent thoughts on Cineplex equity

Since May, I have not made any trades beyond consequential ones stemming from the liquidation of KCG (which was bought out for $20/share).

This period of inactivity (three months) has been quite a dry streak in terms of transactional volume. My brokerage firms will probably not like it – the last time I had trade volume (in terms of commissions spent) this low was in 2012 (where my performance was +2.0% for the year). In terms of a fraction of assets under management, it is at a level where even Vanguard would blush at the expense ratio.

My portfolio, quarter-to-date, is up a slight fraction simply due to the resolution of the TK situation and offset negatively by the rise in the Canadian dollar. I’m a bit mystified at the rise of the dollar, but I’m guessing this is something geopolitical resulting from the actions of the US government administration.

One stock that caught the attention of my radar is the plunge in Cineplex (TSX: CGX):

I am going to be apologizing to all CGX shareholders in confessing that I am the reason why the stock price has crashed. The reason? On July 31st, I saw War for the Planet of the Apes at a Cineplex theatre. Graphics were great, but it was an awful movie! Sorry, shareholders!

I wrote over three years ago that I was mystified how the stock was trading so high when it is perfectly obvious that movie theatres are basically going the way of Blockbuster Video. I also do not like it how customers are relentlessly spammed for a good half hour before the actual movie is going to start – I think in our age of explicit advertisement avoidance, this is a net negative. As I wrote before, even at present price levels I would not be interested.

Overall market thoughts – volatility – fossil fuels

This is another rambling post with no coherency. The quarterly reports from companies are flowing in and I am reading them – but there are few companies that are below my price range where I start to care about them in detail. As such, my research pipeline at this point is in the exploratory mode rather than doing detailed due diligence.

It is in the middle of summer and I am not expecting much in the way of volatility – it is truly a summer where major portfolio decision-makers have decided to take away from the trigger switches.

Accordingly I have been sitting and watching with respect to my own portfolio while I do my casual research. Probably my biggest error of omission was watching the solar market rise over the past six months – I’d written them off, along with almost everybody else, as languishing when the price of fossil fuel energy dropped. A lost opportunity there – there was one company in particular which I earmarked, financial metrics looked great, but didn’t even pull the trigger, primarily due to insider selling. If I executed correctly on it, I would have been looking at a double now. Oh well.

An equity chart that caught my attention was the high expectations of investors of Canaccord pulling a great quarter, which came nowhere to fruition:

This is very obviously the chart of expectations crushed after a quarterly report – a regression to the recent mean would suggest a $4.50-ish stock price. I also notice their domestic competitor, GMP, being crushed after their quarterly report.

I also notice most liquid fossil fuel companies are getting hit badly and are close to multi-year lows. In the USA, most of the companies receiving boosts are the ones that have had been relieved of their debt burdens through the Chapter 11 process (LNGG is a great example of this). I still don’t think equity holders of fossil fuel extraction companies are going to be too happy over the next 12 months.

I also took notice with Interactive Brokers, and Virtu’s commentaries with respect to Q2-2017 as being one of the lowest volatility environments possible – they are two types of businesses that generate revenues as a function of trading volumes. Volatility correlates negatively with an increase with the broad markets – I am looking for defensive-type companies that will do okay in an environment like present, but will really do well when volatility increases.

Interactive Brokers is a classic example of a great company (they are the best at what they do by a hundred miles over everybody else), but one who’s stock I am not interested in buying at current prices.

Mostly everything in the Canadian REIT sector seems to be over-valued. An interesting trend is that the downfall of retail is somewhat being projected by RioCAN’s chart – trading below book value, it might seem to be an interesting value, but are they able to keep up occupancy and lease rates to businesses that have to compete against Amazon? The residential darling of the market is Canadian Apartment Properties (CAR.UN) but they are most definitely not trading at a price that would suggest a future performance beyond a high single digit percentage point and this is under the assumption that their real estate portfolio asset value remains steady. Trading in the entire REIT sector seems to be entirely yield-focussed which is never a good basis to invest, but it is a good basis to evaluate other investors’ expectations on these entities.

Gold has also been up and down like a yo-yo and might be an interesting bet against dysfunctional monetary policy. Unfortunately my ability to analyze most gold mining firms is generally not that fine tuned.

The liquidity of my overall portfolio is very high (nearly a quarter of the portfolio is collecting dust at a short duration 1.5%), but right now I don’t see much investment opportunity that would suggest avenues for outperformance. I could shove the money into some sub-par debenture (e.g. TPH.DB.F which buys you a 7% coupon until March 31, 2018 maturity) but do I really want to lock my capital into something that is questionable? It is the literal metaphor of picking up pennies in front of a steamroller. My policy is that if I have to force my money to work, chances are the investment decision’s risk/reward is worse than if I just held it in cash and waited for some sort of crisis to hit. I generally define “crisis” as something that will take the VIX above 30%, but it has been awhile since we last saw it:

It is pretty ironic how the election of Donald Trump was foreseen by most pundits to be the end of the world and higher volatility times, but so far the opposite has turned out to fruition. Will it continue? Who knows.

I see a lot of people making the mistake of impatience, and also the mistake of assuming that the index ETFs that they are investing into (Canadian Couch Potato, etc.) will leave them safe through masked diversification – works great as long as there are net capital inflows, but what happens if there is a correlated bust among these products? Will retail continue their conviction when they see a 10% drop in prices, or will they grit their teeth and add to their positions?

I continue to wait. It might be a very boring rest of the year with very limited writing. If you think you’re in a similar predicament, I’d love to hear your comments below.

Genworth MI Q2-2017: As good as it gets

Genworth MI reported their Q2-2017 results today and it was a blowout positive quarter.

The key statistic is that the reported loss ratio was down to 3% from 15% in the previous quarter – this is an accounting artifact due to the reduced reserving for losses (reserves increased $6 million compared to $30 million in paid claims). While the paid out claims is in-line with previous quarters, the difference is due to accounting for future losses – claims already in progress or claims processed have turned favourable from previous projections. The official explanation:

In the second quarter of 2017, losses on claims decreased significantly due to favourable development as there were fewer new reported delinquencies in Ontario, Alberta, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces as compared to the incurred but not reported reserve as at March 31, 2017.

As a result, the company’s yearly guidance shifted from 25-35% loss ratio to 15-25%. Delinquent mortgages also slipped down from 2,082 to 1,809, a significant drop.

These two factors alone should be enough to boost the stock price 10% in tomorrow’s trading. Book value is about $41.34/share (which puts today’s closing price at 12% below book).

The only downside is that transactional insurance written is down 5% from the comparable quarter from last year. The portfolio insurance is down considerably but this was anticipated due to regulatory changes of the prior year. Accounting-wise, revenues recognized should continue to increase over the next few quarters as the amortization curve of the unearned premiums (previously written insurance) kicks into full swing.

Their portfolio is relatively unchanged by the increasing interest rate environment – their government and corporate debt portfolio is at a slightly decreased unrealized gain position ($100 million to $87 million), but their preferred share portfolio went from a $19 million unrealized loss to a $12 million realized gain position (which was a nice recovery from their initial investment).

One highlight which won’t get much press is that the company made a good chunk of change on unrealized gains on interest rate swaps from the last quarter. I’ve been tracking the CFO of Genworth MI, Philip Mayers, and the decisions Genworth MI has made on portfolio management has been very sharp.

The company’s reported minimum capital test ratio was 167% this quarter, and this is above their target rate of 160-165%, which means that the company may choose to engage in a share buyback or give out a special dividend if this condition persists – the upcoming quarter has a $0.44 dividend (unchanged) but the company is likely to increase this by 3-4 cents in the following quarter as they continue to build up excess capital.

All in all, this is probably the best quarter that Genworth MI has had in its history from an economic basis. Does it get better for them?